Revision of the Second Updated World List of Cetrarioid Lichens

The family Parmeliaceae is one of the greatest families of lichenized fungi, containing more than 80 genera and 1300 species (Hawksworth et al. 1995). In 1965, the Culbersons started the process of segregating smaller genera in the group of cetrarioid lichens by describing the genus Asahinea, while Hale commenced the same process in the group of parmelioid taxa in 1974. Intensive investigations of cetrarioid lichens carried out in the 90s resulted in the descriptions of a considerable number of new taxa and proposals for many new combinations. This has caused countless misunderstandings when using the nomenclature of cetrarioid taxa. Therefore, it has been our purpose to draw together all names and synonyms on the species level that have been applied to these lichens and, also, to point out those names that in our opinion are correct. Originally the idea of such a list was inspired by the manuscript "List of epithets in the parmelioid genera'' prepared by the late Mason Hale in 1989. Now this list has been complemented and edited, and made available in the printed form (DePriest 1999; Hale & DePriest 1999) as well as electronically.

The first world list of cetrarioid lichens (Randlane & Saag 1993) presented only the list of epithets and indicated the correct (in our opinion) name for each taxon. In the second world list (Randlane et al. 1997), the issue of valid publication was added to each combination. Unfortunately, a lot of printing and other mistakes can be found in this paper. In the present revision, the mistakes observed by us have been corrected and some further information (e.g. taxa of Bryocaulon) has been added. Now the checklist includes 138 accepted species of cetrarioid lichens from 23 genera, and about 500 combinations.

All epithets and their various combinations that have been applied to species of cetrarioid lichens are listed below in alphabetical order. The generic name to which they were assinged is indicated in square brackets [ ]. The author(s) of each combination, as well as the issue of its valid publication, together with page and year are also presented. The names that are considered correct are written in CAPITALS and bold type and their epithets are numbered. The epithets without numbers are synonyms or they represent species of other, non-cetrarioid genera. The currently accepted combination is indicated for each epithet after the sign of equality (=). All the changes compared to the printed version of the Second Checklist are marked with red.

This project has been partially financed by the Estonian Science Foundation (grant no. 3921). Teuvo Ahti is sincerely thanked for indicating to numerous mistakes in the Second Checklist and Paula DePriest is acknowledged for initiating this revision.

Suggested citation for this web site:
Randlane, T. & Saag, A. 2000. Revision of the second updated world list of cetrarioid lichens.
January 17, 2002 – http://www.eseis.ut.ee/synonyms/cetraria.html

Tiina Randlane & Andres Saag
Institute of Botany & Ecology
University of Tartu
Lai Street 38 TARTU 51005
Estonia

E-mail: randlane@ut.ee



REFERENCES

DePriest, P. 1999. Development of Mason E. Hale's list of epithets in the parmelioid genera (lichen-forming Ascomycotina): a bibliographic review. - Bryologist 10(3): 442-461.

Hale, W. B. & DePriest, P. 1999. Mason E. Hale's list of epithets in the parmelioid genera. - Bryologist 10(3): 462-544.

Hawksworth, D. L., Kirk, P. M., Sutton, B. C. & Pegler, D. N. 1995. Ainsworth & Bisby's dictionary of the fungi. 8th ed. CAB International, Wallingford.

Randlane, T. & Saag, A. 1993. World list of cetrarioid lichens. - Mycotaxon 47: 395-403.

Randlane, T., Saag, A. & Thell, A. 1997. A second updated world list of cetrarioid lichens. - Bryologist 100: 109-122.

CHECKLIST

A B-C D E F G H-I J-K L M N O P R S T U-Y

1.

ABRAXAS Brusse [COELOPOGON], Mycotaxon 42: 37. 1991.

2.

ACULEATA (Schreb.) Fr. [CETRARIA], Nov. Schedul. Critic.: 26. 1826.

aculeata (Schreb.) Ach. [Cornicularia], Meth. Lich.: 302. 1803 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.

aculeatum (Schreb.) Link [Coelocaulon], Handb. Erk. Gew. 3: 165. 1826 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.

aculeatus Schreb. [Lichen], Spicil. Flor. Lipsiens.: 125. 1771 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.

agnata (Nyl.) Kristinsson [Cetraria], Lichenologist 6: 144. 1974 = Melanelia agnata (Nyl.) A. Thell

3.

AGNATA (Nyl.) A. Thell [MELANELIA], Nova Hedvigia 60: 416. 1995.

agnatum Nyl. [Platysma], Flora 60: 562. 1877 = Melanelia agnata (Nyl.) A. Thell

4.

AHTII Randlane & Saag [TUCKNERARIA], Acta Bot. Fenn. 150: 147. 1994.

alaskana W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [Cetraria], Bryologist 69: 200. 1966 = Cetrelia alaskana (W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

5.

ALASKANA W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 492. 1968.

?6.

ALBOPUNCTATA (Eschw.) Zahlbr. [CETRARIA], Catal. Lich. Univer. 6: 320. 1929 [1930].

albopunctata Eschw. [Parmelia], in Martius, Flora Brasiliens. 1 (1): 218. 1833 = Cetraria albopunctata (Eschw.) Zahlbr.

aleurites (Ach.) Th. Fr. [Cetraria], Lichenogr. Scandin. 1: 109. 1871 = Imshaugia aleurites (Ach.) S. L. F. Meyer

alvarensis (Wahlenb.) Vain. [Cetraria], in Lynge, Bergens Mus. Aarb. 9: 76. 1910 = Vulpicida tubulosus (Schaer.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

var. alvarensis Wahlenb. [Lichen juniperinus (L.) Ach.], Flora Suec. 2: 827. 1826 = Vulpicida tubulosus (Schaer.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

7.

AMBIGUA (Bab.) Kurok. & M. J. Lai [ALLOCETRARIA], Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 17: 62. 1991.

ambigua Bab. [Cetraria], Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 244. 1852 = Allocetraria ambigua (Bab.) Kurok. & M. J. Lai

ambiguum (Bab.) Nyl. [Platysma], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 100. 1858 [1857] = Allocetraria ambigua (Bab.) Kurok. & M. J. Lai

americana M. Satō [Cetraria], in Nakai & Honda, Nov. Fl. Jap. 5: 26. 1939 = Tuckermannopsis orbata (Nyl.) M. J. Lai

8.

AMERICANA (Spreng.) Hale [TUCKERMANNIOPSIS], Bryologist 90: 164. 1987.

americanum Spreng. [Nephroma], Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl. 1820: 49. 1820 = Tuckermannopsis americana (Spreng.) Hale

9.

ANDREJEVII (Oxner) Kärnefelt & A. Thell [ARCTOCETRARIA], Bryologist 96: 402. 1993.

andrejevii Oxner [Cetraria], Bot. Zhurn. (Kiev) 1: 44. 1940 = Arctocetraria andrejevii (Oxner) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

?10.

ANNAE Oxner [CETRARIA], Zhurn. Bio-Bot. Tsyklu Vseukraļns'k. Akad. Nauk 7/8: 167. 1933.

?11.

ANTARCTICA Zahlbr. [CETRARIA], Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl. 57: 43. 1917.

aradensis Gyeln. [Pseudoparmelia], Acta Fauna Fl. Universali, Ser. 2, Bot. 1, 5/6: 6. 1933 = Cetrelia olivetorum (Nyl.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

arborialis (G. Merr. ex Zahlbr.) G. E. Howard [Cetraria], Lich. State of Washington: 143. 1952 (``1950'') = Tuckermannopsis subalpina (Imshaug) Kärnefelt

arctica H. Magn. [Cetraria], Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 30: 251. 1936 (nom. illeg.) = Arctocetraria nigricascens (Nyl.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

arctica (Richardson) Tuck. [Cetraria], Synops. North Am. Lich. 1: 30. 1882 = Dactylina arctica (Richardson) Nyl.

12.

ARCTICA (Richardson) Nyl. [DACTYLINA], Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 286. 1860.

arctica Richardson [Dufourea], in Franklin, Narrat. J. Polar Sea 775. 1823 = Dactylina arctica (Richardson) Nyl.

13.

ARENARIA Kärnefelt [CETRARIA], Bot. Not. 130: 125. 1977.

asahinae M. Satō [Cetraria], Res. Bull. Saito Ho-On Kai Mus. 11: 12. 1936 = Cetreliopsis asahinae (M. Satō) Randlane & A. Thell

14.

ASAHINAE (M. Satō) Randlane & A. Thell [CETRELIOPSIS], Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 16: 49. 1995.

atlantica (Tuck.) Du Rietz [Cetraria], Bot. Not. 1925: 10. 1925 = Platismatia tuckermannii (Oakes) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

b atlantica Tuck. [Cetraria lacunosa Ach.], Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 1: 208. 1847 = Platismatia tuckermannii (Oakes) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

15.

AURESCENS (Tuck.) Randlane & A. Thell [AHTIANA], Bryologist 98: 599. 1995.

aurescens Tuck. [Cetraria], Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 1: 208. 1847 = Ahtiana aurescens (Tuck.) Randlane & A. Thell

aurescens (Tuck.) Nyl. [Platysma], Syn. Meth. Lich. 1 (2): 313. 1860 = Ahtiana aurescens (Tuck.) Randlane & A. Thell

16.

AUSTRALIENSIS W. A. Weber ex Kärnefelt [CETRARIA], Bot. Not. 130: 127. 1977.


[INDEX] [TOP]

bavarica Kremp. [Cetraria], Flora 34: 273. 1851 = Allocetraria oakesiana (Tuck.) Randlane & A. Thell

beringica C. D. Bird & J. W. Thomson [Dactylina], Can. J. Bot. 56: 1612. 1978 = Dactylin arctica subsp. beringica (C. D. Bird & J. W. Thomson) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

bicolor (Ehrh.) Ach. [Cornicularia], Meth. Lich.: 304.1803 = Bryoria bicolor (Ehrh.) Brodo & D. Hawksw.

bicolor Ehrh. [Lichen], Beitr. Naturk. 3: 82. 1788 = Bryoria bicolor (Ehrh.) Brodo & D. Hawksw.

billardierei Mont. [Cetraria], Syll. Gener. et Spec. Cryptog.: 322. 1856 = Hypogymnia billardierei (Mont.) Filson

bohemica Anders [Cetraria], Hedwigia 61: 371. 1920 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreber) Fr.

bohemica (Anders) Anders [Cornicularia], Strauch- u. Laubflecht. Mitteleur.: 173. 1928 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreber) Fr.

braunsiana (Müll. Arg.) Zahlbr. [Cetraria], Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 353. 1927 = Cetrelia braunsiana (Müll. Arg.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

17.

BRAUNSIANA (Müll. Arg.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 493. 1968.

braunsiana Müll. Arg. [Parmelia], Flora 64: 506. 1881 = Cetrelia braunsiana (Müll. Arg.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

braunsianum (Müll. Arg.) Hue [Platysma], Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Ser. 4, I: 210. 1899 = Cetrelia braunsiana (Müll. Arg.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

californica Gyeln. [Nephromopsis], Ann. Cryptog. Exot. 4: 169. 1931 = Tuckermannopsis orbata (Nyl.) M. J. Lai (see Randlane & Saag 1993: 397).

californica Tuck. [Cetraria], Amer. J. Sci. Arts, Ser.2, 28: 203. 1859 = Kaernefeltia californica (Tuck.) A. Thell & Goward

californica (Tuck.) G. Merr. [Alectoria], Bryologist 13: 29. 1910 = Kaernefeltia californica (Tuck.) A. Thell & Goward

californica (Tuck.) Du Rietz [Cornicularia], Ark. Bot. 20A, 11: 41. 1926 = Kaernefeltia californica (Tuck.) A. Thell & Goward

18.

CALIFORNICA (Tuck.) A. Thell & Goward [KAERNEFELTIA], Bryologist 99: 126 1996.

californicum (Tuck.) R. Howe [Coelocaulon], Class. Fam. Usn.: 20. 1912 = Kaernefeltia californica (Tuck.) A. Thell & Goward

canadensis (Räsänen) Räsänen [Cetraria], Kuopion Luonnon Ystäväin Yhdistyksen Julkaisuja, B 2,6: 36. 1952 = Vulpicida canadensis (Räsänen) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

var. canadensis Räsänen [Cetraria juniperina (L.) Ach.], Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 12. 1933 = Vulpicida canadensis (Räsänen) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

19.

CANADENSIS (Räsänen) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai [VULPICIDA], Mycotaxon 49: 427. 1993.

caperata sensu Vain. [Cetraria], Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 14: 5. 1886 = Vulpicida pinastri (Scop.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

capitata Lynge [Cetraria], Rep. Sci. Results Norw. Exped. Nov. Zemlya 43: 208. 1928 = Cetraria nigricans Nyl.

castaneus Leers [Lichen], Fl. Herbor.: 264. 1775 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.

cavernosus Menzies [Lichen], in Acharius, Lichenogr. Univ.: 508. 1810 (nom. nud. pro syn.) = Platismatia lacunosa (Ach.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

20.

CETRARIOIDES (Delise ex Duby) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 498. 1968.

cetrarioides (Delise ex Duby) Nyl. [Parmelia], Flora 52: 289. 1869 = Cetrelia cetrarioides (Delise ex Duby) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

ß cetrarioides Delise ex Duby [Parmelia perlata Ach.], Bot. Gall., ed. 2: 601. 1830 = Cetrelia cetrarioides (Delise ex Duby) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

cetrariza Nyl. [Alectoria], Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie 4, 1: 270. 1887 = Kaernefeltia californica (Tuck.) A. Thell & Goward

cetrariza (Nyl.) Gyeln. [Coelocaulon], Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung., Bot. 28: 282. 1934 = Kaernefeltia californica (Tuck.) A. Thell & Goward

chicitae W. L. Culb. [Cetraria], Bryologist 68: 95. 1965 = Cetrelia chicitae (W. L. Culb.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

21.

CHICITAE (W. L. Culb.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 504. 1968.

chinensis Follmann [Dactylina], Willdenowia 5: 8. 1968 = Dactylina arctica subsp. chinensis (Follmann) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

chlorophylla (Willd.) Vain. [Cetraria], Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 13, 6: 7. 1896 = Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla (Willd.) Hale

22.

CHLOROPHYLLA (Willd.) Hale [TUCKERMANNOPSIS], in Egan, Bryologist 90: 164. 1987.

chlorophyllus Willd. [Lichen], in Humboldt, Flor. Friburg. Spec.: 20. 1793 = Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla (Willd.) Hale

23.

CHRYSANTHA (Tuck.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [ASAHINEA], Brittonia 17: 184. 1965.

chrysantha Tuck. [Cetraria], Amer. J. Sc. Arts 2, 15: 423. 1858 = Asahinea chrysantha (Tuck.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

chrysanthum (Tuck.) Å. E. Dahl [Platysma], Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 21: 129. 1952 = Asahinea chrysantha (Tuck.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

ciliaris Ach. [Cetraria], Lichenogr. Univ.: 508. 1810 = Tuckermannopsis ciliaris (Ach.) Gyeln.

ciliaris (Ach.) Hue [Nephromopsis], Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Ser. 4, I: 216. 1899 = Tuckermannopsis ciliaris (Ach.) Gyeln.

24.

CILIARIS (Ach.) Gyeln. [TUCKERMANNOPSIS], Acta Fauna Fl. Universali, Ser. 2, Bot. 1, 5/6: 6. 1933.

citrina Taylor [Cetraria], London J. Bot. 6: 176. 1847 = Nephromopsis pallescens var. citrina (Taylor) A. Thell & Randlane

citrinum (Taylor) Nyl. [Platysma], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 100. 1858 [1857] = Nephromopsis pallescens var. citrina (Taylor) A. Thell & Randlane

clarkii Tuck. [Cetraria], Ann. Rep. Sapporo Agr. Coll. 3: 16. 1879 (nom. nud.) = ? Nephromopsis endocrocea Asahina

f. clarkii Asahina [Nephromopsis endoxantha Hue], J. Jap. Bot. 6: 236. 1929 =? Nephromopsis endocrocea Asahina

f. clarkii (Asahina) Asahina [Nephromopsis endocrocea Asahina], J. Jap. Bot. 11: 26. 1935 =? Nephromopsis endocrocea Asahina

collata (Nyl.) Müll. Arg. [Cetraria], Nouvo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 24: 192. 1892 = Cetrelia collata (Nyl.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

25.

COLLATA (Nyl.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 505. 1968.

collatum Nyl. [Platysma], Flora 70: 134. 1887 = Cetrelia collata (Nyl.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

commixta (Nyl.) Th. Fr. [Cetraria], Lichenogr. Scandin. 1: 109. 1871 = Melanelia commixta (Nyl.) A. Thell

26.

COMMIXTA (Nyl.) A. Thell [MELANELIA], Nova Hedwigia 60: 417. 1995.

commixtum Nyl. [Platysma], Syn. Meth. Lich. 1 (2): 310. 1860 = Melanelia commixta (Nyl.) A. Thell

complicata Laurer [Cetraria], in Fries, Lichenogr. Eur. Ref.: 459. 1831 (nom. nud.) = Tuckneraria laureri (Kremp.) Randlane & A. Thell

complicatum (Laurer) Nyl. [Platysma], Syn. Lich. 1: 303. 1860 = Tuckneraria laureri (Kremp.) Randlane & A. Thell

*27.

CORALLIGERA (W. A. Weber) Hale [CETRARIA], Bryologist 72: 414. 1967.

coralligera (W. A. Weber) W. A. Weber [Tuckermannopsis], Bryologist 94: 399. 1991 = Cetraria coralligera (W. A. Weber) Hale

f. coralligera W. A. Weber [Cetraria fendleri (Nyl.) Tuck.], Univ. Colorado Stud., Ser. Biol. 10: 11. 1963 = Cetraria coralligera (W. A. Weber) Hale

corallophora Müll. Arg. [Cetraria], Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31: 26. 1892 = Punctelia subflava (Taylor) Elix & J. Johnst.

corniculata Egeling [Cetraria], Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 24: 10. 1882 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.

corniculata (Lightf.) A. L. Smith [Parmelia], Monogr. Brit. Lich. 1: 124. 1918 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

corniculatus Lightf. [Lichen], Fl. Scot. 2: 885. 1777 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

corrugis Fr. [Cetraria], Syst. Orb. Veget., 1: 283. 1825 = Parmotrema perforatum (Wulfen) A. Massal.

28.

CRESPOAE (Barreno & Vázquez) Kärnefelt [CETRARIA], Bryologist 96: 399. 1993.

crespoae Barreno & Vázquez [Coelocaulon], Lazaroa 3: 236. 1982 = Cetraria crespoae (Barreno & Vázquez) Kärnefelt

crispa (Ach.) Nyl. [Cetraria], in Norrlin & Nylander, Herb. Lich. Fenn., nos. 105-107. 1875 = Cetraria ericetorum Opiz

cucullata (Bellardi) Randlane & Saag [Allocetraria], Mycotaxon 44: 492. 1992 = Flavocetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

cucullata (Bellardi) Ach. [Cetraria], Meth. Lich.: 293. 1803 = Flavocetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

29.

CUCULLATA (Bellardi) Kärnefelt & A. Thell [FLAVOCETRARIA], Acta Bot. Fenn. 150: 81. 1994.

cucullatum (Bellardi) Hoffm. [Platysma], Descr. Adumbr. Plant. Lich. 3: 17. 1801 = Flavocetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

cucullatus Bellardi [Lichen], Osservaz. Bot.: 54. 1788 = Flavocetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

culbersonii Hale [Cetraria], Bryologist 70:414. 1967 = Melanelia culbersonii (Hale) A. Thell

30.

CULBERSONII (Hale) A. Thell [MELANELIA], Nova Hedwigia 60: 418. 1995.

culbersoniorum Trass [Cetraria], Amer. J. Bot. 72: 791. 1985 (nom. nud.); Folia Cryptog. Estonica 29: 31. 1992 = Asahinea chrysantha (Tuck.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. (see Gao 1991: 484).


[INDEX] [TOP]

daibuensis Räsänen [Cetraria], J. Jap. Bot. 16: 85. 1940 = Tuckneraria laxa (Zahlbr.) Randlane & A. Thell

31.

DAVIDIANA W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb 34: 507. 1968.

32.

DELAVAYANA W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb 34: 509. 1968.

delavayi (Hue) M. Satô [Cetraria], in Nakai & Honda, Nov. Fl. Jap. 5: 48. 1939 = Nephromopsis ornata (Müll. Arg.) Hue (see Lai 1981: 224). Often the specimens labelled as C. delavayi are erronously identified and belong to the species Tuckneraria ahtii (see Randlane et al. 1994: 148).

delavayi Hue [Nephromopsis], Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Sér. 4, 1: 219. 1899 = Nephromopsis ornata (Müll. Arg.) Hue (see Lai 1981: 224). Often the specimens labelled as N. delavayi are erronously identified and belong to the species Tuckneraria ahtii (see Randlane et al. 1994: 148).

delisei (Bory ex Schaer.) Nyl. [Cetraria], Prodromi Lichenogr. Scandin. Supplem.: 114. 1866 = Cetrariella delisei (Bory ex Schaer.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

33.

DELISEI (Bory ex Schaer.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell [CETRARIELLA], Bryologist 96: 403. 1993.

d delisei Bory ex Schaer. [Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach.], Enum. Crit. Lich. Europ.: 16. 1850 = Cetrariella delisei (Bory ex Schaer.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

34.

DENTICULATA (Hue) A. Thell & Randlane [ALLOCETRARIA], in Daniels et al. (eds), Flechten Follmann: 359. 1995.

denticulata Hue [Cetraria], Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Sér. 4, 1: 85. 1899 = Allocetraria denticulata (Hue) A. Thell & Randlane

?35.

DERMATOIDEA (Stirt.) Zahlbr. [CETRARIA], Catal. Lich. Univer. 6: 286. 1929 [1930].

dermatoideum Stirt. [Platysma], Trans. Glasgow Field Naturalists' Soc. 1: 21. 1873 = Cetraria dermatoidea (Stirt.) Zahlbr.

diffusa (Hoffm.) Sandst. [Cetraria], Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 21: 202. 1912 = Imshaugia aleurites (Ach.) S. L. F. Meyer

diffusa (Weber) Lynge [Cetraria], Stud. Lich. Flora Norway: 179. 1921 (nom. illeg.) = Imshaugia placorodia (Ach.) S. L. F. Meyer

divergens (Ach.) Nyl. [Alectoria], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 3: 171. 1855 = Bryocaulon divergens (Ach.) Kärnefelt

36.

DIVERGENS (Ach.) Kärnefelt [BRYOCAULON], Opera Bot. 86: 24. 1986.

divergens (Ach.) R. Howe [Coelocaulon], Class. Fam. Usn.: 19. 1912 = Bryocaulon divergens (Ach.) Kärnefelt

divergens Ach. [Cornicularia], Meth. Lich.: 303. 1803 = Bryocaulon divergens (Ach.) Kärnefelt


[INDEX] [TOP]

ectocarpisma (Hue) Gyeln. [Nephromopsis], Ann. Cryptog. Exot. 4: 173. 1931 = Nephromopsis nephromoides (Nyl.) Ahti & Randlane

f. ectocarpisma Hue [Nephromopsis stracheyi (Bab.) Müll. Arg.], Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Sér. 4, 1:218. 1899 = Nephromopsis nephromoides (Nyl.) Ahti & Randlane

elenkinii Krog [Cetraria], Norsk Polarinst. Skr. 144: 199. 1968 = Arctocetraria nigricascens (Nyl. in Kihlm.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

37.

ENDOCHRYSEA (Lynge) Kärnefelt & A. Thell [ALLOCETRARIA], Nova Hedwigia 62:507. 1996.

endochrysea Lynge [Dactylina], Skr. Svalbard Ishavet (Oslo) 59, Suppl. 5: 62. 1933 = Allocetraria endochrysea (Lynge) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

endocrocea (Asahina) M. Satô [Cetraria], in Nakai & Honda, Nov. Fl. Jap. 5: 37. 1939 = Nephromopsis endocrocea Asahina

38.

ENDOCROCEA Asahina [NEPHROMOPSIS], J. Jap. Bot. 11: 24. 1935.

endoxantha Hue [Nephromopsis], Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Sér. 4, 1: 220. 1899 = pro parte Nephromopsis endocrocea Ashina, pro parte Nephromopsis ornata (Müll. Arg.) Hue

endoxantha (Hue) Gyeln. [Tuckermannopsis], Acta Fauna Fl. Universali, Ser. 2, Bot. 1,5/6: 6. 1933 = pro parte Nephromopsis endocrocea Ashina, pro parte Nephromopsis ornata (Müll. Arg.) Hue

endoxanthoides D. D. Awasthi [Cetraria], Bull. Bot. Surv. India 24: 9. 1982 = Cetreliopsis endoxanthoides (D. D. Awasthi) Randlane & Saag

39.

ENDOXANTHOIDES (D. D. Awasthi) Randlane & Saag [CETRELIOPSIS], Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 16: 51. 1995.

endoxanthoides (D. D. Awasthi) Randlane & Saag [Nephromopsis], Mycotaxon 44: 486. 1992 = Cetreliopsis endoxanthoides (D. D. Awasthi) Randlane & Saag

epiphorella Nyl. [Cetraria], J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 227. 1876 = Coelopogon epiphorellus (Nyl.) Brusse & Kärnefelt

epiphorella (Nyl.) Du Rietz [Cornicularia], Ark. Bot. 20A, 11:32. 1926 = Coelopogon epiphorellus (Nyl.) Brusse & Kärnefelt

epiphorellum (Nyl.) Kärnefelt [Coelocaulon], Opera Bot. 86: 64. 1986 = Coelopogon epiphorellus (Nyl.) Brusse & Kärnefelt

40.

EPIPHORELLUS (Nyl.) Brusse & Kärnefelt [COELOPOGON], Mycotaxon 42: 39. 1991.

41.

ERICETORUM Opiz [CETRARIA], Seznam rostlin kveteny: 173. 1852.

eriophylla (C. Knight) Zahlbr. [Cetraria], Cat. Lich. Univer. 6: 287. 1929 [1930] = Erioderma leylandii (Taylor) Müll. Arg.

eriophyllum C. Knight [Platysma], Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 5: 110. 1888 = Erioderma leylandii (Taylor) Müll. Arg.

42.

EROSA W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [PLATISMATIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 526. 1968.

everniella (Nyl.) Kremp. [Cetraria], Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 315. 1868 = Allocetraria stracheyi (Bab.) Kurok. & Lai

everniellum Nyl. [Platysma], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 100. 1858 [1857] = Allocetraria stracheyi (Bab.) Kurok. & Lai


[INDEX] [TOP]

fahlunense (L.) Nyl. [Platysma], Syn. Lich. 1: 309. 1860 = Melanelia stygia (L.) Essl.

fahlunense (L.) sensu Vain. [Platysma], Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 14: 22. 1888 = Melanelia commixta (Nyl.) A. Thell (see Thell 1995a: 418).

fahlunensis L. [Lichen], Spec. Plant.: 1143. 1753 = Melanelia stygia (L.) Essl.

fahlunensis (L.) Schaer. [Cetraria], Lich. Helvet. Spicil. 4-5: 255. 1833 = Melanelia stygia (L.) Essl.

fallax (Weber) Ach. [Cetraria], Meth. Lich.: 296. 1803 = Platismatia glauca (L.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

fallax Weber [Lichen], Spicil. Fl. Goettingensis: 244. 1778 = Platismatia glauca (L.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

fastigiata (Delise ex Nyl. in Norrl.) Kärnefelt [Cetraria], Bot. Not. 130: 128. 1977 = Cetrariella fastigiata (Delise ex Nyl. in Norrl.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

43.

FASTIGIATA (Delise ex Nyl.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell [CETRARIELLA], Bryologist 96: 403. 1993.

ssp. fastigiata Delise ex Nyl. [Cetraria delisei Bory ex Schaer.], in Norrlin, Not. Sällsk. Fauna Fl. Fenn. Förh. 13: 323. 1873 = Cetrariella fastigiata (Delise ex Nyl.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

*44.

FENDLERI (Nyl.) Tuck. [CETRARIA], Synops. N. Am. Lich. 1: 33. 1882.

fendleri Nyl. [Platysma], Syn. Lich. 1: 309. 1860 = Cetraria fendleri (Nyl.) Tuck.

fendleri (Nyl.) Hale [Tuckermannopsis], Bryologist 90: 164. 1987 = Cetraria fendleri (Nyl.) Tuck.

45.

FLAVONIGRESCENS A. Thell & Randlane [ALLOCETRARIA], in Daniels et al. (eds), Flechten Follmann: 359. 1995.

formosana Zahlbr. [Cetraria], Repert. Spec. Nov. Fedde 33: 59. 1934 [1933] = Platismatia formosana (Zahlbr.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

46.

FORMOSANA (Zahlbr.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [PLATISMATIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 529. 1968.

frankliniana Taylor [Parmelia], London J. Bot. 6: 167. 1847 = Vulpicida pinastri (Scop.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

frostii Tuck. [Parmelia], Synops. N. Am. Lich. 1: 34. 1882 = Melanelia culbersonii (Hale) A. Thell

var. frostii Du Rietz [Cetraria hepatizon (Ach.) Vain.], Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 18: 389. 1924 = Melanelia culbersonii (Hale) A. Thell

fucinus J. F. Gmel. [Lichen], Car. Linn. Syst. Nat. 2, 2:1378. 1791 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

47.

FUEGIAE Kärnefelt & A. Thell [NIMISIA], Lichenologist 25: 370. 1993.

furcellata Fr. [Cetraria], Syst. Orb. Veget., 1:283. 1825 = Bryoria furcellata (Fr.) Brodo & D. Hawksw.


[INDEX] [TOP]

gagates Lam. [Lichen], Fl. fr.: 92. 1788 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

gilva Asahina [Cetraria], J. Jap. Bot. 28: 139. 1953 = Tuckermannopsis gilva (Asahina) M. J. Lai

48.

GILVA (Asahina) M. J. Lai [Tuckermannopsis], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 225. 1981 [1980].

glauca (L.) Ach. [Cetraria], Method. Lich.: 296. 1803 = Platismatia glauca (L.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

49.

GLAUCA (L.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [PLATISMATIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 530. 1968.

glaucum (L.) Frege [Platysma], Deutschl. Bot. Taschenb. 2, 1812: 167. 1812 = Platismatia glauca (L.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

glaucus L. [Lichen], Spec. Plant.: 1148. 1753 = Platismatia glauca (L.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

50.

GLOBULANS (Nyl.) A. Thell & Randlane [ALLOCETRARIA], in Daniels et al. (eds), Flechten Follmann: 350. 1995.

globulans (Nyl.) Zahlbr. [Cetraria], Trudy Troitskos.-Kyakhtinsk. Otd. Priamursk. Otd. Imp. Russk. Geogr. Obshch. 12: 89. 1911 [1909] = Allocetraria globulans (Nyl.) A. Thell & Randlane

globulans (Nyl.) M. J. Lai [Nephromopsis], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 222. 1981 [1980] = Allocetraria globulans (Nyl.) A. Thell & Randlane

globulans Nyl. [Platysma], Flora 70: 134. 1887 = Allocetraria globulans (Nyl.) A. Thell & Randlane

gracilenta (Kremp.) Vain. [Cetraria], Voyage S. Y. Belgica, Botan.: 13. 1903 = Coelopogon epiphorellus (Nyl.) Brusse & Kärnefelt

gracilenta (Kremp.) Zahlbr. [Cornicularia], Catal. Lich. Univer. 6: 414. 1929 [1930] = Coelopogon epiphorellus (Nyl.) Brusse & Kärnefelt

var. gracilenta Kremp. [Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.], Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 315. 1868 = Coelopogon epiphorellus (Nyl.) Brusse & Kärnefelt


[INDEX] [TOP]

halei W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [Cetraria], Bryologist 70: 161. 1967 = Tuckermannopsis americana (Spreng.) Hale

halei (W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.) M. J. Lai [Tuckermannopsis], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 226. 1981 [1980] = Tuckermannopsis americana (Spreng.) Hale

hepatizon (Ach.) Vain. [Cetraria], Természetrajzi Füz. 22: 278. 1899 = Melanelia hepatizon (Ach.) A. Thell

hepatizon Ach. [Lichen], Lichenogr. Suec. Prodr.: 110. 1799 [1798] = Melanelia hepatizon (Ach.) A. Thell

51.

HEPATIZON (Ach.) A. Thell [MELANELIA], Nova Hedwigia 60: 419. 1995.

hepatizon (Ach.) Kurok. [Tuckermannopsis], J. Jap. Bot. 66: 158. 1991 = Melanelia hepatizon (Ach.) A. Thell

herrei Imshaug [Cetraria], Bryologist 57: 6. 1954 = Platismatia herrei (Imshaug) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

52.

HERREI (Imshaug) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [PLATISMATIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 537. 1968.

hiascens (Fr.) Th. Fr. [Cetraria], Lichenogr. Scandin. 1: 99. 1871 = Cetrariella delisei (Bory ex Schaer.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

ß hiascens Fr. [Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.], Lichenogr. Europaea Reform.:36. 1831 = Cetrariella delisei (Bory ex Schaer.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

?53.

HYPOTRACHYNA Müll. Arg. [CETRARIA], Flora 74: 373. 1891.

iberica A. Crespo & Barreno [Cetraria], Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 37: 205. =1980 = Kaernefeltia merrillii (Du Rietz) A. Thell & Goward

idahoensis Essl. [Cetraria], Bryologist 74: 366. 1971 = Esslingeriana idahoensis (Essl.) Hale & M. J. Lai

54.

IDAHOENSIS (Essl.) Hale & M. J. Lai in M. J. Lai [ESSLINGERIANA], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 220. 1981 [1980].

inermis (Nyl.) Krog [Cetraria], Bryologist 76: 229. 1973 = Tuckermannopsis inermis (Nyl.) Kärnefelt

55.

INERMIS (Nyl.) Kärnefelt [TUCKERMANNOPSIS], Bryologist 96: 403. 1993.

f. inermis Nyl. [Cetraria crispa (Ach.) Nyl.], Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie 4, 1: 214. 1887 = Tuckermannopsis inermis (Nyl.) Kärnefelt

inflata Hook. f. & Taylor [Cetraria], London J. Bot. 3: 646. 1844 = Ramalina inflata (Hook. f. & Taylor) Hook. f. & Taylor

56.

INTERRUPTA W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [PLATISMATIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 539. 1968.

57.

ISIDIATA (Asahina) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 510. 1968.

f. isidiata Asahina [Cetraria sanguinea Schaer.], in Nakai & Honda, Nov. Fl. Jap. 5: 73. 1939 = Cetrelia isidiata (Asahina) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

var. isidiata Zahlbr. [Cetraria formosana Zahlbr.], Repert. Spec. Nov. Fedde 33: 60. 1934 [1933] = Platismatia erosa W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

58.

ISIDIIGERA Kurok. & M. J. Lai [ALLOCETRARIA], Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B, 17: 62. 1991.

isidioidea (Räsänen) D. D. Awasthi [Cetraria], Bull. Bot. Surv. India 24: 10, 1982 = Nephromopsis isidioidea (Räsänen) Randlane & Saag

59.

ISIDIOIDEA (Räsänen) Randlane & Saag [NEPHROMOPSIS], Mycotaxon 44: 487. 1992.

var. isidioidea Räsänen [Cetraria wallichiana (Taylor) Müll. Arg.], Arch. Soc. Zool. Bot. Fenn. Vanamo 5, 1: 25. 1950 = Nephromopsis isidioidea (Räsänen) Randlane & Saag

60.

ISLANDICA (L.) Ach. [CETRARIA], Meth. Lich.: 293. 1803.

islandicus L. [Lichen], Spec. Plant.: 1145. 1753 = Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach.


[INDEX] [TOP]

japonica Zahlbr. [Cetraria], Ann. Mycol. 14: 60. 1916 = Cetrelia japonica (Zahlbr.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

61.

JAPONICA (Zahlbr.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 511. 1968.

juniperina (L.) Ach. [Cetraria], Meth. Lich.: 298. 1803 = Vulpicida juniperinus (L.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

juniperina (L.) Hale [Tuckermannopsis], in Egan, Bryologist 90: 164. 1987 = Vulpicida juniperinus (L.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

juniperinus L. [Lichen], Spec. Plant.: 1147. 1753 = Vulpicida juniperinus (L.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai (nom. cons. prop.)

62.

JUNIPERINUS (L.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai [VULPICIDA], Mycotaxon 49: 427. 1993.

63.

KAMCZATICA Savicz [CETRARIA], Izv. Imp. Bot. Sada Petra Velikago 14, 1: 119. 1914.

komarovii Elenkin [Cetraria], Izv. Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3: 51. 1903 = Nephromopsis komarovii (Elenkin) J. C. Wei

64.

KOMAROVII (Elenkin) J. C. Wei [NEPHROMOPSIS], Enumer. Lich. China: 158. 1991.

kurodakensis Asahina [Cetraria], J. Jap. Bot. 28: 140. 1953 = Asahinea scholanderi (Llano) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. (see Gao 1991: 483-485).

kurodakensis (Asahina) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [Asahinea], Brittonia 17: 187. 1965 = Asahinea scholanderi (Llano) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. (see Gao 1991: 483-485).

?65.

KUROKAWAE Shibuichi & Yoshida [CETRARIA], J. Jap. Bot. 57: 296. 1982.

kurokawae (Shibuichi & Yoshida) Kurok. [Nephromopsis], J. Jap. Bot. 66: 156. 1991 = Cetraria kurokawae Shibuichi & Yoshida


[INDEX] [TOP]

lacera Hook. f. & Taylor [Cetraria], London J. Bot. 3: 646. 1844 = Sticta lacera (Hook. f. & Taylor) Müll. Arg.

lacunosa Ach. [Cetraria], Meth. Lich.: 295. 1803 = Platismatia lacunosa (Ach.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

66.

LACUNOSA (Ach.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [PLATISMATIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 541. 1968.

lacunosum (Ach.) Nyl. [Platysma], Bot. Not. 1855: 137. 1856 [1855] = Platismatia lacunosa (Ach.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

laeteflava Zahlbr. [Cetraria], Repert. Spec. Nov. Fedde 33: 60. 1934 [1933] = Cetreliopsis laeteflava (Zahlbr.) Randlane & Saag

67.

LAETEFLAVA (Zahlbr.) Randlane & Saag [CETRELIOPSIS], Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 16: 51. 1995.

var. laeteflava (Zahlbr.) Räsänen [Cetraria straminea Vain.], Kuopion Luonnon Ystäväin Yhdistyksen Julkaisuja, B 2, 6: 45. 1952 = Cetreliopsis laeteflava (Zahlbr.) Randlane & Saag

68.

LAEVIGATA Rass. [CETRARIA], Bot. Mater. Otd. Sporov. Rast. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR 5: 133. 1945.

laii A. Thell & Randlane [Cetrariopsis], Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 16: 46. 1995 = Nephromopsis laii (A. Thell & Randlane) Saag & A. Thell

69.

LAII (A. Thell & Randlane) Saag & A. Thell [NEPHROMOPSIS], Bryologist 100: 111. 1997.

laureri Kremp. [Cetraria], Flora 34: 673. 1851 = Tuckneraria laureri (Kremp.) Randlane & A. Thell

laureri (Kremp.) Kurok. [Nephromopsis], J. Jap. Bot. 66: 156. 1991 = Tuckneraria laureri (Kremp.) Randlane & A. Thell

laureri (Kremp.) Nyl. [Platysma], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 3: 172. 1855 = Tuckneraria laureri (Kremp.) Randlane & A. Thell

70.

LAURERI (Kremp.) Randlane & A. Thell [TUCKNERARIA], Acta Bot. Fenn. 150: 149. 1994.

laxa (Zahlbr.) M. Satô [Cetraria], in Nakai & Honda, Nov. Fl. Jap. 5: 51. 1939 = Tuckneraria laxa (Zahlbr.) Randlane & A. Thell

laxa (Zahlbr.) M. Satô [Nephromopsis], J. Jap. Bot. 14: 783. 1938 = Tuckneraria laxa (Zahlbr.) Randlane & A. Thell

71.

LAXA (Zahlbr.) Randlane & A. Thell [TUCKNERARIA], Acta Bot. Fenn. 150: 149. 1994.

var. laxa Zahlbr. [Nephromopsis ciliaris (Ach.) Hue], Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 33: 61. 1933 = Tuckneraria laxa (Zahlbr.) Randlane & A. Thell

*72.

LEUCOSTIGMA Lév. [CETRARIA], in Jacquemont, Voyage dans l'Inde, Bot.: 180. 1841-1844.

leucostigmeum (Lév.) Nyl. [Platysma], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 100. 1858 [1857] = Cetraria leucostigma Lév.

libertina Stuckenb. [Cetraria], Bot. Mater. Inst. Sporov. Rast. Glavn. Bot. Sada RSFSR 4: 31. 1926 = Cetraria ericetorum Opiz


[INDEX] [TOP]

73.

MADREPORIFORMIS (Ach.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell [ALLOCETRARIA], Nova Hedwigia 62: 508. 1996.

madreporiformis (Ach.) Müll. Arg. [Cetraria], Flora 53: 325. 1870 = Allocetraria madreporiformis (Ach.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

madreporiformis (Ach.) Tuck. [Dactylina], Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 5: 398. 1862 = Allocetraria madreporiformis (Ach.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

madreporiformis Ach. [Dufourea], Lich. Univ.: 525. 1810 = Allocetraria madreporiformis (Ach.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

magnussonii Llano [Cetraria], J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 41: 198. 1951 = Arctocetraria nigricascens (Nyl.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

megaleia (Nyl.) Räsänen [Cetraria], Kuopion Luonnon Ystäväin Yhdistyksen Julkaisuja, B 2, 6: 42. 1952 = Cetrelia sanguinea (Schaer.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

megaleia Nyl. [Parmelia], Syn. Lich. 1: 378. 1860 = Cetrelia sanguinea (Schaer.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

megaleium (Nyl.) Nyl. [Platysma], Flora 52: 290. 1869 = Cetrelia sanguinea (Schaer.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

*74.

MELALOMA (Nyl.) Kremp. [CETRARIA], Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 315. 1868.

melalomum Nyl. [Platysma], Syn. Lich. 1: 303. 1860 = Cetraria melaloma (Nyl.) Kremp.

melanothrix (Mont.) Mont. [Cetraria], Syll. Gener. Spec. Cryptog.: 322. 1856 = Parmotrema melanothrix (Mont.) Hale

var. melanothrix Mont. [Parmelia urceolata Eschw.], Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., Ser. 2: 372. 1834 = Parmotrema melanothrix (Mont.) Hale

merrillii Du Rietz [Cetraria], Ark. Bot. 20A, 11: 42. 1926 = Kaernefeltia merrillii (Du Rietz) A. Thell & Goward

75.

MERRILLII (Du Rietz) A. Thell & Goward [KAERNEFELTIA], Bryologist 99: 128. 1996.

merrillii (Du Rietz) Hale [Tuckermannopsis], Bryologist 90: 164. 1987 = Kaernefeltia merrillii (Du Rietz) A. Thell & Goward

?76.

MICROPHYLLA Elenkin [CETRARIA], Bot. Zhurn. (St. Petersburg) 5/6: 126. 1907.

microphyllica W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [Cetraria], Bryologist 70: 161. 1967 = Tuckermannopsis microphyllica (W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.) M. J. Lai

77.

MICROPHYLLICA (W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.) M. J. Lai [TUCKERMANNOPSIS], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 226. 1981 [1980].

f. microphyllinum Hue [Platysma collatum Nyl.], Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Sér. 4, 1: 209. 1899 = Cetrelia japonica (Zahlbr.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

monachorum Zahlbr. [Parmelia], Symbolae Sinicae 3: 191. 1930 = Cetrelia monachorum (Zahlbr.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

78.

MONACHORUM (Zahlbr.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Syst. Bot. 1: 326. 1976.

79.

MORRISONICOLA M. J. Lai [NEPHROMOPSIS], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 223. 1981 [1980].

80.

MURICATA (Ach.) Eckfeldt [CETRARIA], Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 240. 1895.

muricata Ach. [Cornicularia], Meth. Lich.: 302. 1803 = Cetraria muricata (Ach.) Eckfeldt

muricatum (Ach.) J. R. Laundon [Coelocaulon], Lichenologist 16: 55. 1984 = Cetraria muricata (Ach.) Eckfeldt

muricatus Ach. [Lichen], Lichenogr. Suec. Prodr.: 214. 1799 [1798] = Cetraria muricata (Ach.) Eckfeldt


[INDEX] [TOP]

81.

NEPALENSIS D. D. Awasthi [CETRARIA], Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 45: 130. 1957.

nephromoides (Nyl.) D. D. Awasthi [Cetraria], Bull. Bot. Surv. India 24: 11. 1982 = Nephromopsis nephromoides (Nyl.) Ahti & Randlane

82 .

NEPHROMOIDES (Nyl.) Ahti & Randlane [NEPHROMOPSIS], Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 19: 183. 1998.

nephromoides Nyl. [Platysma], Flora 52: 442. 1869 = Nephromopsis nephromoides (Nyl.) Ahti & Randlane

var. nephromoides (Nyl.) Räsänen [Nephromopsis stracheyi (Bab.) Müll. Arg.], Kuopion Luonnon Ystäväin Yhdistyksen Julkaisuja, B 2, 6: 48. 1952 = Nephromopsis nephromoides (Nyl.) Ahti & Randlane

83.

NIGRICANS Nyl. [CETRARIA], in Nylander & Saelan, Herb. Musei Fenn.: 109. 1859.

84.

NIGRICASCENS (Nyl.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell [ARCTOCETRARIA], Bryologist 96: 402. 1993.

nigricascens (Nyl.) Elenkin [Cetraria], Zap. Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd., Ser. 8, 27: 14. 1909 = Arctocetraria nigricascens (Nyl.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

nigricascens Nyl. [Platysma], Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 18: 50. 1891 = Arctocetraria nigricascens (Nyl.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

nipharga (Ach.) Röhl. [Cetraria], Deutschl. Fl. 3, 2: 115. 1813 = Flavocetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

b nipharga Ach. [Cetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Ach.], Meth. Lich.: 294. 1803 = Flavocetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

nipponensis (Asahina) M. J. Lai [Nephromopsis], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 223. 1981 [1980] = Tuckneraria psudocomplicata (Asah.) Randlane & Saag (see Randlane et al. 1994: 150).

f. nipponensis Asahina [Cetraria rhytidocarpa Mont. & Bosch], J. Jap. Bot. 24: 228. 1954 = Tuckneraria psudocomplicata (Asahina) Randlane & Saag (see Randlane et al. 1994: 150).

nivalis (L.) Randlane & Saag [Allocetraria], Mycotaxon 44: 492. 1992 = Flavocetraria nivalis (L.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

nivalis (L.) Ach. [Cetraria], Meth. Lich.: 293. 1803 = Flavocetraria nivalis (L.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

85.

NIVALIS (L.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell [FLAVOCETRARIA], Acta Bot. Fenn. 150: 84. 1994.

nivalis L. [Lichen], Spec. Plant.: 1149. 1753 = Flavocetraria nivalis (L.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

86.

NORMOERICA (Gunnerus) Du Rietz [CORNICULARIA], Ark. Bot. 20A, 11: 32. 1926.

normoericus Gunnerus [Lichen], Flora Norveg. 2: 123. 1772 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

87.

NORVEGICA (Lynge) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [PLATISMATIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 543. 1968.

norvegica (Lynge) Du Rietz [Cetraria], Bot. Not. 1924: 59. 1924 = Platismatia norvegica (Lynge) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

f. norvegica Lynge [Cetraria lacunosa Ach.], Skr. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania, Mat.-Naturvidensk. Kl. 7: 196. 1921 = Platismatia norvegica (Lynge) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

?88.

NOVA-ZELANDIAE (C. Knight) Zahlbr. [CETRARIA], Catal. Lich. Univer. 6:308, 1930.

nova-zelandiae C. Knight [Platysma], Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 8: 328. 1876 [1875] = Cetraria nova-zelandiae (C. Knight) Zahlbr.

89.

NUDA (Hue) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 513. 1968.

f. nudum Hue [Platysma collatum Nyl.], Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Sér. 4, 1: 208. 1899 = Cetrelia nuda (Hue) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.


[INDEX] [TOP]

90.

OAKESIANA (Tuck.) Randlane & A. Thell [ALLOCETRARIA], in Daniels et al. (eds), Flechten Follmann: 363. 1995.

oakesiana Tuck. [Cetraria], Boston J. Nat. Hist. 3: 445. 1841 = Allocetraria oakesiana (Tuck.) Randlane & A. Thell

oakesiana (Tuck.) Hale [Tuckermannopsis], Bryologist 90: 164. 1987 = Allocetraria oakesiana (Tuck.) Randlane & A. Thell

oakesianum (Tuck.) Nyl. [Platysma], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 3: 172. 1855 = Allocetraria oakesiana (Tuck.) Randlane & A. Thell

91.

OBTUSATA (Schaer.) v. d. Boom & Sipman [CETRARIA], Lichenologist 26: 106. 1994.

d obtusata Schaer. [Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.], Lich. Helvet. Spicil. 4-5: 225. 1823 = Cetraria obtusata (Schaer.) v. d. Boom & Sipman

ochrocarpa Lettau [Cetraria], Feddes Repert. 59: 199. 1957 = Allocetraria oakesiana (Tuck.) Randlane & A. Thell

ochrocarpum Eggerth [Platysma], in Arnold, Lich. Exsicc. 1212. 1888 = Allocetraria oakesiana (Tuck.) Randlane & A. Thell

ochroleuca (Hoffm.) DC. [Cornicularia], Fl. fr. 2: 330. 1805 = Alectoria ochroleuca (Hoffm.) Massal.

92.

ODONTELLA (Ach.) Ach. [CETRARIA], Syn. Meth. Lich.: 230. 1814.

odontellum (Ach.) R. Howe [Coelocaulon], Class. Fam. Usn.: 20. 1912 = Cetraria odontella (Ach.) Ach.

odontellus Ach. [Lichen], Lichenogr. Suec. Prodr.: 213. 1798 = Cetraria odontella (Ach.) Ach.

93.

OLIVETORUM (Nyl.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 515. 1968.

olivetorum Nyl. [Parmelia], Not. Sällsk. Fauna Fl. Fenn. Förh., n. ser. 5: 180. 1866 = Cetrelia olivetorum (Nyl.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

orbata (Nyl.) Fink [Cetraria], Mycologia 11: 298. 1919 = Tuckermannopsis orbata (Nyl.) M. J. Lai

94.

ORBATA (Nyl.) M. J. Lai [TUCKERMANNOPSIS], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 226. 1981 [1980].

orbatum Nyl. [Platysma], Flora 52: 442. 1869 = Tuckermannopsis orbata (Nyl.) M. J. Lai

95.

ORIENTALIS Randlane & Saag [CETRELIA], Lichenologist 23: 116. 1991.

ornata Müll. Arg. [Cetraria], Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 122. 1891 = Nephromopsis ornata (Müll. Arg.) Hue

96.

ORNATA (Müll. Arg.) Hue [NEPHROMOPSIS], Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Sér. 4, 2: 90. 1900.


[INDEX] [TOP]

pachysperma (Hue) Zahlbr.[Cetraria], in Engler & Prantl, Natürl. Planzenfamil., 1, 1: 215. 1907 = Parmelaria thomsonii (Stirt.) D. D. Awasthi

pachyspermum Hue [Platysma], Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., Sér. 4, 1: 215. 1899 = Parmelaria thomsonii (Stirt.) D. D. Awasthi

pallescens Schaer. [Cetraria], in Moritzi, Syst. Verzeichn.: 129. 1845-1846 = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

pallescens (Schaer.) Randlane & A. Thell [Cetrariopsis], Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 16: 42. 1995 = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

97

PALLESCENS (Schaer.) Y. S. Park [NEPHROMOPSIS], Bryologist 93:122. 1990.

pallescens (Schaer.) Nyl. [Platysma], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 100. 1858 [1857] = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

pallida D. D. Awasthi [Cetraria], Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 45: 130. 1957 = Cetraria melaloma Krempelh.

98.

PALLIDULA (Tuck. ex Riddle) Goward & A. Thell [AHTIANA], Bryologist 98: 601. 1995.

pallidula Tuck. ex Riddle [Cetraria], Bryologist 18: 27. 1915 = Ahtiana pallidula (Tuck. ex Riddle) Goward & A. Thell

pallidula (Tuck. ex Riddle) Hale [Tuckermannopsis], Bryologist 90: 164. 1987 = Ahtiana pallidula (Tuck. ex Riddle) Goward & A. Thell

99.

PAPUAE Randlane & Saag [CETRELIOPSIS], Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 16: 52. 1995.

perstraminea Zahlbr. [Cetraria], Trudy Troitskos.-Kyakhtinsk. Otd. Priamursk. Otd. Imp. Russk. Geogr. Obshch. 12: 88. 1911 [1909] = Nephromopsis komarovii (Elenkin) J. C. Wei (see Makryi 1981: 291-294).

100.

PERUVIANA Kärnefelt & A. Thell [CETRARIA], Graphis Scripta 5: 45. 1993.

pinastri (Scop.) Gray [Cetraria], Natur. Arrang. Brit. Plants 1: 432. 1821 = Vulpicida pinastri (Scop.) J. E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

pinastri Scop. [Lichen], Flora Carniolica 2: 382. 1772 = Vulpicida pinastri (Scop.) J. E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

pinastri (Scop.) Hale [Tuckermannopsis], Bryologist 90: 164. 1987 = Vulpicida pinastri (Scop.) J. E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

101.

PINASTRI (Scop.) J. E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai [VULPICIDA], Mycotaxon 49: 428. 1993.

placorodia (Ach.) Tuck. [Cetraria], Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 1: 208. 1847 = Imshaugia placorodia (Ach.) S. L. F. Meyer

platyna Ach. [Cetraria], Syn. Meth. Lich.: 229. 1814 = Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach.

platyphylla Tuck. [Cetraria], Synops. N. Am. Lich. 1: 34. 1882 = Tuckermannopsis platyphylla (Tuck.) Hale

102.

PLATYPHYLLA (Tuck.) Hale [TUCKERMANNOPSIS], Bryologist 90: 164. 1987.

platyphylloides (Asahina) M. Satô [Cetraria], in Nakai & Honda, Nov. Fl. Jap. 5: 54. 1939 = Tuckermannopsis platyphylloides (Asahina) M. J. Lai

platyphylloides Asahina [Nephromopsis], J. Jap. Bot. 12: 19. 1935 = Tuckermannopsis platyphylloides (Asahina) M. J. Lai

103.

PLATYPHYLLOIDES (Asahina) M. J. Lai [TUCKERMANNOPSIS], Quart. J. Mus. 33: 226. 1981 [1980].

polyschiza (Nyl.) Jatta [Cetraria], Syl. Lich. Ital.: 112. 1900 = Melanelia hepatizon (Ach.) A. Thell

polyschizum Nyl. [Platysma], Flora 45: 82. 1862 = Melanelia hepatizon (Ach.) A. Thell

potaninii (Oxner) Randlane & Saag [Allocetraria], Mycotaxon 44: 492: 1992 = Allocetraria stracheyi (Bab.) Kurok. & M. J. Lai

potaninii Oxner [Cetraria], Zhurn. Bio-Bot. Tsyklu Vseukraïns'k. Akad. Nauk 7-8: 169. 1933 = Allocetraria stracheyi (Bab.) Kurok. & M. J. Lai

104.

PSEUDOCOLLATA Randlane & Saag [CETRELIA], Lichenologist 23: 117. 1991.

pseudocomplicata Asahina [Cetraria], J. Jap. Bot. 12: 804. 1936 = Tuckneraria pseudocomplicata (Asahina) Randlane & Saag

pseudocomplicata (Asahina) M. J. Lai [Nephromopsis], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 224. 1981 ["1980"] = Tuckneraria pseudocomplicata (Asahina) Randlane & Saag

105.

PSEUDOCOMPLICATA (Asahina) Randlane & Saag [TUCKNERARIA], Acta Bot. Fenn. 150: 150. 1994.

106.

PSEUDOLIVETORUM (Asahina) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 519. 1968.

pseudolivetorum Asahina [Parmelia], J. Jap. Bot. 27: 16. 1952 = Cetrelia pseudolivetorum (Asahina) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

pseudosatoana Asahina [Cornicularia], J. Jap. Bot. 15: 356. 1939 = Bryocaulon pseudosatoanum (Asahina) Kärnefelt

107.

PSEUDOSATOANUM (Asahina) Kärnefelt [BRYOCAULON], Opera Bot. 86: 28. 1986.

pubescens (L.) F. Desp. [Cetraria], Fl. Sarthe: 377. 1838 = Pseudephebe pubescens (L.) M. Choisy

pubescens (L.) Ach. [Cornicularia], Meth. Lich.: 305. 1803 = Pseudephebe pubescens (L.) M. Choisy


[INDEX] [TOP]

radiatus Huds. [Lichen], Fl. angl.: 559. 1778 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

ramulosa (Hook.) Tuck. [Cetraria], Synops. North Am. Lich. 1: 30. 1882 = Dactylina ramulosa (Hook.) Tuck.

108.

RAMULOSA (Hook.) Tuck. [DACTYLINA], Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 5: 397. 1862.

ramulosa Hook. [Dufourea], in Parry, Journ. of Second Voyage: 414. 1825 = Dactylina ramulosa (Hook.) Tuck.

109.

RASSADINAE Makryi [CETRARIA], Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 69: 952. 1984.

110.

REGENERANS W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [PLATISMATIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 547. 1968.

reticulata Krempelh. ex Räsänen [Cetraria], Kuopion Luonnon Ystäväin Yhdistyksen Julkaisuja, B 2, 6: 44. 1952 (not validly published) = Platismatia erosa W. L. Culb. & c. F. Culb.

rhizophora (Vain.) Rass. [Cetraria], Bot. Mater. Otd. Sporov. Rast. 6: 13. 1949 = Arctocetraria nigricascens (Nyl.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

rhytidocarpa Mont. & Bosch[Cetraria], in Miquel, Pl. Jungh. 4: 430. 1855 (1857) = Cetreliopsis rhytidocarpa (Mont. & Bosch) M. J. Lai

rhytidocarpa (Mont. & Bosch) Lumbsch [Cetrelia], Syst. Ascom. 7: 105. 1988 = Cetreliopsis rhytidocarpa (Mont. & Bosch) M. J. Lai

111.

RHYTIDOCARPA (Mont. & Bosch) M. J. Lai [CETRELIOPSIS], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 218. 1981 [1980].

rhytidocarpa (Mont. & Bosch) Zahlbr. [Nephromopsis], Ann. Cryptog. Exot. 1: 208. 1928 = Cetreliopsis rhytidocarpa (Mont. & Bosch) M. J. Lai

rhytidocarpum (Mont. & Bosch) Nyl. [Platysma], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 100. 1858 [1857] = Cetreliopsis rhytidocarpa (Mont. & Bosch) M. J. Lai

richardsonii Hook. [Cetraria], in Richardson, Bot. App. Narrat. J. Polar Sea: 761. 1823 = Masonhalea richardsonii (Hook.) Kärnefelt

richardsonii (Hook.) Trevis. [Cornicularia], Flora 44: 51. 1861 = Masonhalea richardsonii (Hook.) Kärnefelt

richardsonii (Hook.) Nyl. [Evernia], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 99. 1858 [1857] = Masonhalea richardsonii (Hook.) Kärnefelt

112.

RICHARDSONII (Hook.) Kärnefelt [MASONHALEA], Bot. Not. 130: 104. 1977.

richardsonii (Hook.) Nyl. [Platysma], Syn. Lich. 1: 306. 1860 = Masonhalea richardsonii (Hook.) Kärnefelt

rigidus Wulfen [Lichen], in Jacquin, Miscellan. Austriac. 2: 86. 1781 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

rubescens (Th. Fr.) Vain. [Parmelia], Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 35: 47. 1921 = Cetrelia olivetorum (Nyl.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

rugosa (Asahina) M. Satô [Cetraria], in Nakai & Honda, Nov. Fl. Jap. 5: 46. 1939 = Nephromopsis rugosa Asahina

113.

RUGOSA Asahina [NEPHROMOPSIS], J. Jap. Bot. 11: 12. 1935.


[INDEX] [TOP]

sanguinea Schaer. [Cetraria], in Moritzi, Syst. Verz. Java Pflanz.: 129. 1845-1846 = Cetrelia sanguinea (Schaer.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

114.

SANGUINEA (Schaer.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 523. 1968.

sanguineum (Schaer.) Hue [Platysma], Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 17: 177. 1901 = Cetrelia sanguinea (Schaer.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

saviczii Oxner & Rass. [Cetraria], Bot. Mater. Otd. Sporov. Rast. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR 13: 6. 1960. = Asahinea scholanderi (Llano) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

satoana Gyeln. [Alectoria], in Satô, J. Jap. Bot. 10: 18. 1934 = Bryocaulon satoanum (Gyeln.) Kärnefelt

115.

SATOANUM (Gyeln.) Kärnefelt [BRYOCAULON], Opera Bot. 86: 24. 1986.

116.

SCHOLANDERI (Llano) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [ASAHINEA], Brittonia 17: 187. 1965.

scholanderi Llano [Cetraria], J. Wash. Acad. 41: 197. 1951 = Asahinea scholanderi (Llano) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

scutata (Wulfen ) Poetsch [Cetraria], in Poetsch & Schiedermayr, System. Aufzähl. samenlos. Pflanzen: 262. 1872 = Cetraria sepincola (Ehrh.) Ach.

scutata auct. [Cetraria] = Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla (Willd.) Hale

scutatus Wulfen [Lichen], Collect. Bot. 4: 268. 1790 = Cetraria sepincola (Ehrh.) Ach.

*117.

SEPINCOLA (Ehrh.) Ach. [CETRARIA], Meth. Lich.: 297. 1803.

sepincola Ehrh. [Lichen], Hannover. Mag. 21: 203. 1783 = Cetraria sepincola (Ehrh.) Ach.

sepincola (Ehrh.) Hale [Tuckermannopsis], Bryologist 90:164. 1987 = Cetraria sepincola (Ehrh.) Ach.

septentrionale Nyl. [Platysma], Syn. Lich. 1: 315. 1860 = Asahinea chrysantha (Tuck.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

septentrionalis (Nyl.) Almq. [Cetraria], Lich. Küste Behringm.: 523. 1887 = Asahinea chrysantha (Tuck.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

sibirica H. Magn. [Cetraria], Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 30: 253. 1936 = Arctocetraria nigricascens (Nyl.) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

sikkimensis Räsänen [Cetraria], Arch. Soc. Zool. Bot. Fenn. Vanamo 5: 25. 1950 = Cetraria leucostigma Lév.

simmonsii Krog [Cetraria], Norsk Polarinst. Skr. 144: 124. 1968 = Arctocetraria andrejevii (Oxner) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

118.

SINENSIS X. Q. Gao [ALLOCETRARIA], in Daniels et al. (eds), Flechten Follmann: 365. 1995.

119.

SINENSIS W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [CETRELIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 523. 1968.

sorediella (Lettau) V. J. Rico & Manrique [Cetraria], in Reisinger & Bresinsky (eds), Abstract IMC 4. 1990 (not validly published) = Melanelia commixta (Nyl.) A. Thell

spadicea (Roth) Ach. [Cornicularia], Meth. Lich.: 301.1803 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.

spadicea Roth [Lichen], Tentamen Fl. Germ. 1: 514. 1788 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.

120.

SPHAEROSPORELLA (Müll. Arg.) Goward [AHTIANA], Bryologist 88: 370. 1985.

sphaerosporella Müll. Arg. [Parmelia], Flora 74: 378. 1891 = Ahtiana sphaerosporella (Müll. Arg.) Goward

stenophylla (Tuck.) G. Merr. [Cetraria], Bryologist 13: 27. 1910 = Platismatia stenophylla (Tuck.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

121.

STENOPHYLLA (Tuck.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [PLATISMATIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 548. 1968.

b. stenophylla Tuck. [Cetraria glauca (L.) Ach.], Synops. N. Am. Lich. 1: 36. 1882 = Platismatia herrei (Imshaug) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

b. stenophylla Tuck. [Cetraria lacunosa Ach.], Synops. N. Am. Lich. 1: 35. 1882 = Platismatia stenophylla (Tuck.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

122.

STEPPAE (Savicz) Kärnefelt [CETRARIA], Bryologist 96: 400. 1993.

steppae Savicz [Cornicularia], Bot. Mater. Inst. Sporov. Rast. Glavn. Bot. Sada RSFSR 3: 187. 1924 = Cetraria steppae (Savicz) Kärnefelt

123.

STRACHEYI (Bab.) Kurok. & M. J. Lai [ALLOCETRARIA], Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, Ser. B, 17: 62-63. 1991.

stracheyi Bab. [Cetraria], Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 245. 1852 = Nephromopsis stracheyi (Bab.) Müll. Arg.

stracheyi Bab. [Evernia], Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 244. 1852 = Allocetraria stracheyi (Bab.) Kurok. & Lai

124.

STRACHEYI (Bab.) Müll. Arg. [NEPHROMOPSIS], Flora 74: 374. 1891.

stracheyi (Bab.) Nyl. [Platysma], Syn. Lich. 1: 305. 1860 = Nephromopsis stracheyi (Bab.) Müll. Arg.

straminea Kremp. ex Schwend. [Cetraria], in Nägeli, Beitr. Wiss. Bot. (Leipzig) 2: 154. 1860 = Tuckneraria laureri (Kremp.) Randlane & A. Thell (see Randlane et al. 1994: 149).

straminea Vain. [Cetraria], Philipp. J. Sci. Bot. 4: 657. 1909 (nom. illeg.) = Cetreliopsis rhytidocarpa (Mont. & Bosch) M. J. Lai (see Randlane et al. 1995: 52)

straminea Räsänen [Nephromopsis], Kuopion Luonnon Ystäväin Yhdistyksen Julkaisuja, B 2, 6: 50. 1952 = Cetreliopsis rhytidocarpa (Mont. & Bosch) M. J. Lai

stuppea Sandst. [Cetraria], Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 21: 208. 1912 = Cetraria muricata (Ach.) Eckfeldt

b stuppea Flot. [Cornicularia aculeata (Schreb.) Ach.], Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 28: 101. 1850 (nom. nud.) = Cetraria muricata (Ach.) Eckfeldt

stygia (L.) Schaer. [Cetraria], Lich. Helvet. Spicil. 4-5: 257. 1833 = Melanelia stygia (L.) Essl.

subalpina Imshaug [Cetraria], Mycologia 42: 30. 1951 = Tuckermannopsis subalpina (Imshaug) Kärnefelt

125.

SUBALPINA (Imshaug) Kärnefelt [TUCKERMANNOPSIS], Bryologist 96: 403. 1993.

*126.

SUBFENDLERI Essl. [CETRARIA], Mycologia 65: 610. 1973.

subperlatum Nyl. [Platysma], Flora 49: 130. 1866 = Cetrelia sanguinea (Schaer.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

?127.

SUBSCUTATA D. C. Linds. [CETRARIA], Bull. Brit. Antarc. Surv. 36: 107. 1973.

128.

SUBTHOMSONII D. D. Awasthi [PARMELARIA], J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 63: 370. 1987.

subtubulosa (Fr. ex Nyl.) Zopf [Cetraria], Flechtenstoffe in chemischer, botanischer, pharmakologischer und technischer Beziehung. 1907 (not validly published) = Cetraria ericetorum Opiz

f. subtubulosa Fr. ex Nyl. [Cetraria crispa (Ach.) Nyl.], in Norrlin & Nylander, Herb. Lich. Fenn., no. 106. 1875 = Cetraria ericetorum Opiz

sulphurea Mont. & Bosch [Cetraria], in Montagne, Syll. Gen. Sp. Crypt.: 322. 1856 (not validly published; see Randlane et al. 1995: 43) = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park


[INDEX] [TOP]

teijsmannii (``Teysmanni'') Mont. & Bosch [Cetraria], in Montagne, Syll. Gen. Sp. Crypt.: 474. 1856 = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

teijsmannii (``Teysmanni'') (Mont. & Bosch) Nyl. [Platysma], Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 100. 1858 [1857] = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

tenuifolia (Retz.) R. Howe [Cetraria], Torreya 15: 219. 1915 = Cetraria ericetorum Opiz

b tenuifolius Retz. [Lichen islandicus L.], Fl. Scand. Prodr.: 227. 1779 = Cetraria ericetorum Opiz

tenuissima (L.) Vain. [Cetraria], Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 14: 21. 1888 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.

tenuissima (L.) Zahlbr. [Cornicularia], Catal. Lich. Univer. 6: 420. 1929 [1930] = Cetraria ericetorum Opiz

tenuissimum (L.) R. Howe [Coelocaulon], Class. Fam. Usn.: 19. 1912 = Cetraria ericetorum Opiz

g tenuissimus L. [Lichen islandicus L.], Spec. Plant.: 1045. 1753 = Cetraria aculeata (Schreb.) Fr.

terrestris Fink [Cetraria], Mycologia 11: 299. 1919 (nom. illeg.; see Mattsson 1993: 37) = Vulpicida juniperina (L.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

var. terrestris Schaer. [Cetraria juniperina (L.) Ach.], Lich. Helvet. Spicil.: 10. 1823 (nom. illeg.; see Mattsson 1993: 37) = Vulpicida juniperina (L.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

129.

THOMSONII (Stirt.) D. D. Awasthi [PARMELARIA], J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 63: 368. 1987.

thomsonii Stirt. [Platysma], Proc. Roy. Philos. Soc. Glasgow 11: 321. 1879 = Parmelaria thomsonii (Stirt.) D. D. Awasthi

thyreophora (Ach.) Röhl. [Cetraria], Deutschl. Fl. 3: 115. 1813 = Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach.

b thyreophora Ach. [Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach.], Lichenogr. Univers.: 512. 1810 = Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach.

tilesii Ach. [Cetraria], Syn. Meth. Lich.: 228. 1814 = Vulpicida tilesii (Ach.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

tilesii (Ach.) Nyl. [Platysma], Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie 4, 1: 257. 1887 = Vulpicida tilesii (Ach.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

130.

TILESII (Ach.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai [VULPICIDA], Mycotaxon 49: 428. 1993.

togashii Asahina [Cetraria (Platysma)], J. Jap. Bot. 28: 136. 1953 = Tuckneraria togashii (Asahina) Randlane & A. Thell

131.

TOGASHII (Asahina) Randlane & A. Thell [TUCKNERARIA], J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 78: 238 .1995.

triste (Weber) Nyl. [Platysma], Syn. Lich. 1: 81. 1860 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

tristis (Weber) Fr. [Cetraria], Lichenogr. Europ. Reform.: 34. 1831 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

tristis (Weber) Hoffm. [Cornicularia], Plantae Lichen. 2: 36 1794 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

tristis Weber [Lichen], Spicil. Fl. Goettingensis: 209. 1778 = Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

tubulosa (Schaer.) Zopf [Cetraria], Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem. 324: 56. 1902 = Vulpicida tubulosus (Schaer.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

var. tubulosa Schaer. [Cetraria juniperina (L.) Ach.], Lich. Helvet. Spicil.: 372. 1836 = Vulpicida tubulosus (Schaer.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

132.

TUBULOSUS (Schaer.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai [Vulpicida], Mycotaxon 49: 428. 1993.

tuckermannii Herre [Cetraria], Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 7: 340. 1906 (nom. illeg.) = Platismatia herrei (Imshaug) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

tuckermannii R. Howe [Cetraria], Mycologia 3: 116. 1911 (nom. illeg.) = Kaernefeltia merrillii (Du Rietz) A. Thell & Goward

tuckermannii Oakes [Cetraria], Amer. J. Sc. Arts 45: 48. 1843 = Platismatia tuckermannii (Oakes in Tuck.) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb.

133.

TUCKERMANNII (Oakes) W. L. Culb. & C. F. Culb. [PLATISMATIA], Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 34: 549. 1968.


[INDEX] [TOP]

ulophylla (Ach.) Rebent. [Cetraria], Prodr. Flor. Neomarch.: 313. 1804 = Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla (Willd.) Hale

var. ulophylla Ach. [Cetraria sepincola (Ehrh.) Ach.], Meth. Lich.: 297. 1803 = Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla (Willd.) Hale

ulophylloides Asahina [Cetraria], J. Jap. Bot. 28: 138. 1953 = Tuckermannopsis ulophylloides (Asahina) M. J. Lai

134.

ULOPHYLLOIDES (Asahina) M. J. Lai [TUCKERMANNOPSIS], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 226. 1981 [1980].

urceolata (Eschw.) Mont. [Cetraria], in Gaudichaud, Voyage Bonite: 150. 1844-1846 = Parmotrema sp.

vainioi (Räsänen) Gyeln. [Cetraria], Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 38: 221. 1935 = Flavocetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

var. vainioi Räsänen [Cetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Ach.], Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 50: 39. 1925 = Flavocetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Kärnefelt & A. Thell

viridis Schwein [Cetraria], Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 1: 16. 1824 = Vulpicida viridis (Schwein.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai

135.

VIRIDIS (Schwein.) J.-E. Mattsson & M. J. Lai [VULPICIDA], Mycotaxon 49: 428. 1993.

wallichiana (Taylor) M. J. Lai [Ahtia], Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 33: 220. 1981 [1980] (nom. illeg.) = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

wallichiana (Taylor) Müll. Arg. [Cetraria], Flora 71: 139. 1888 = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

wallichiana (Taylor) Kurok. [Cetrariopsis], Mem. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo 13: 140. 1980 = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

wallichiana (Taylor) Nyl. [Parmelia], Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 105. 1858 = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

wallichiana Taylor [Sticta], London J. Bot. 6: 177. 1847 = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

wallichianum (Taylor) Nyl. [Platysma], Flora 52: 443. 1869 = Nephromopsis pallescens (Schaer.) Y. S. Park

*136.

WEBERI Essl. [CETRARIA], Mycologia 65: 607. 1973.

?137.

XIZANGENSIS J. C. Wei & Y. M. Jiang [CETRARIA], Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18: 388. 1980.

yunnanensis (Nyl.) Zahlbr. [Cetraria], Trudy Troitskos.-Kyakhtinsk. Otd. Priamursk. Otd. Imp. Russk. Geogr. Obshch. 12: 89. 1911 [1909] = Nephromopsis yunnanensis (Nyl.) Randlane & Saag

138.

YUNNANENSIS (Nyl.) Randlane & Saag [NEPHROMOPSIS], Mycotaxon 44: 488. 1992.

yunnanensis (`yunnense') Nyl. [Platysma], Lich. Nov. Zeland.: 150. 1888 = Nephromopsis yunnanensis (Nyl.) Randlane & Saag


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